Pallet Racking Calculator – How to Calculate Pallet Racking Needs
Now we have two of the key variables needed to start our calculations. If we have 100’ of space to work within segments of 8’, that means we need to divide 100 by 8. Since we can’t have half of a bay, we’ll round it down to 12. 12 bays @ 8’ wide = 96’.
That’s pretty close to our goal of 100’, but we’re not quite done. We also need to factor in the width of the upright frame columns. We’ll need 13 frames for those 12 bays. In most cases, that will be 3”, so we’ll need to multiply 3 (inches) x 13 (frames), to get a total of 39”, or 3’ 3”. We’re now at 99’ 3” of racking. If you need a span of racking that’s exactly 100’ long, 99’ won’t cut it. However, if your application is like most and you just need to stay within 100’, 99’ 3” is pretty good.
To figure out exactly how many beams and wire decks we’re going to need, we’ll simply take the number of beam levels per bay, multiply that number by two, and then multiply the answer by the number of bays. Assuming we have two beam levels per bay, our math will look like this:
2 (beam levels per bay) x 2 (beams per level) x 12 (total bays) = 48 beams.
Calculating the Number of Wire Decks Needed
Finally, we calculate the number of wire decks needed. In our case, this is an easy problem to solve. For 96” beam levels, two 46” wide wire decks are needed per level. That means the number of wire decks we need will match the number of beams. In some scenarios (such as 12’ beams) three wire decks are needed per beam level. This just means we’ll take the number of beams and multiply it by 1.5 to get the number of wire decks needed.
And just like that, with a few simple math problems, we’ve calculated the number of frames, beams, and wire decks we need for our run. While it may seem easy enough (and often times is), we usually recommend consulting a material handling professional before settling on a final number of components to order. They may be able to provide ideas for an even more efficient warehouse layout design, offer handy information, or just double-check your calculations for you.
For the visual learners, Systems Design Specialist Brian Koski gives us an example of how to apply the math covered here.