What are Warehouse Conveyor Systems?

Warehouse conveyor systems, or pallet conveyors, are transportation devices that move pallets throughout a warehouse facility on rollers or conveyor belts. Conveyor systems can be operated manually, by gravity, or automatically with a motor system. 

Automated warehouse conveyor systems are powered by a motor and move pallets independently of manual assistance. There are motorized roller conveyors as well as automated conveyor belt systems

The implementation of warehouse conveyors is a massive leap for warehouse automation — conveyors quicken material handling processes and order fulfillment, allowing warehouses to be more productive and efficient. Please keep reading to learn about different conveyor systems and their effect on material handling.

warehouse conveyor system

Types of Warehouse Conveyor Systems

Telescopic conveyor

Extendable Conveyors

Extendable conveyors are telescopic conveyor systems that simplify loading and unloading trucks. These systems extend directly into a truck or trailer, reducing unnecessary walking and labor requirements in a distribution center. 

Roller conveyor

Roller Conveyors

Gravity and powered roller conveyors are the two main types of pallet roller conveyors. Both types use plastic or metal rollers to move products either automatically or with the help of gravity over a slight incline.

Belt conveyor

Belt Conveyors

Belt conveyors are the most versatile conveyor option, consisting of a single belt and pulleys that drive an endless, moving loop. Belt conveyors are ideal for products of varying shapes and sizes. Here are some of the most common types of warehouse belt conveyors:

  • Modular belt conveyors
  • Cleated belt conveyors
  • Curved belt conveyors
  • Incline/decline belt conveyors
  • Flat belt conveyors
  • Slider bed conveyors
Incline conveyor

Inclined Conveyors

Inclined conveyors typically use gravity to pull products down the conveyor lane. Both roller and belt conveyors can be installed at an incline to move products up or down from various warehouse levels.

Accumulating pallet conveyor

Accumulating Pallet Conveyors

Accumulating pallet conveyors allow products to gather in one place for picking and packing. They include a temporary buffer zone where products can accumulate before continuing their journey down the conveyor. Zero-pressure accumulation conveyors have a braking system that controls the conveyor’s speed, protecting fragile packages.

Chute conveyor

Chute Conveyors

Chute conveyors are one of the simplest and least expensive gravity conveyor options. These conveyors help accumulate products in shipping areas. Spiral chutes are vertical conveyors that transfer products from high storage levels like mezzanines. These conveyors save valuable warehouse floor space.